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Watercolour Step by Step Demonstrations

'Autumn, The Hermitage'


Materials Used:

Paper - Arches 300lb rough

Colours - Raw Sienna, Burnt Sienna, Permanent Magenta, Cobalt Violet, Cobalt Blue, Cerulean Blue, Ultramarine Blue, Viridian.

Masking Fluid

Step 1:


The image was drawn out using a 2B pencil. Masking fluid was applied to the highlights and also to 'mid tone' areas which are surrounded by 'darks'.

Step 2:

The following washes were applied to damp paper:

Raw Sienna, Cobalt Blue, Cobalt Violet for the sky.

Cerulean plus Raw Sienna, Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Violet and Raw Sienna, Cobalt Violet plus Cerulean for the distance.

Burnt Sienna plus Cobalt Blue (warm mix) and Cobalt Blue plus Burnt Sienna (cooler mix) for the roofs.

Raw Sienna plus Permanent Magenta and Cobalt Blue plus - Permanent Magenta for the farmhouse walls.

Cobalt blue, Raw Sienna plus Permanent Magenta for roof shadows and dark, 'bluey' hedgerow, also in shadow.

Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Blue, Raw Sienna, Cobalt Blue plus Viridian and Raw Sienna, Cobalt Blue and a touch of Burnt Sienna for foreground area.

Step 3:


The Haze of twigs were painted 'wet in wet' using mixes of Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Violet and Raw Sienna plus Cobalt Blue.

The masking fluid was removed when the paper was completely dry using a clean finger.

Some of the previously masked areas were tinted using combinations of Raw Sienna, Cobalt Violet and Cobalt Blue.

Step 4:


The branches were painted using 'warm' and 'cool' combinations of Burnt Sienna plus Cobalt Blue and Raw Sienna, Permanent Magenta and Cobalt Blue.

The dappled light on the left hand, low roof was developed by painting a shadow wash of Cobalt Blue plus Permanent magenta.

The light struck gable end of the main farmhouse was tinted using Raw Sienna and Cobalt Violet.

A Cobalt Blue wash was painted over the white window frames.


Step 5:

The foreground was developed on dry paper using the mixes described in step two.

The colours were introduced / overlaid to create a broken texture to capture the nature of the rough moorland vegetation.

Lighter twigs, branches and highlights on the foliage around the farmhouse, were added using Titanium White acrylic tinted with Raw Sienna, Cobalt Blue.

These twigs were painted using a No.2, 'Pro Arte', Rigger brush.


(The completed painting)

'Autumn, The Hermitage'

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